Friday, March 9, 2018

Control Devices Using Python and NodeMCU Over Internet (Tutorial-9)

In the last post, we have seen how to control devices and measure Temperature and Humidity using NodeMCU.
NodeMCU publishes the temperature and humidity data to MQTT server and subscribe the led state and relay states topics, while Android application subsribes the temperature and humidity data and publishes the relay states based on the button presses to the MQTT Server.
In this post, I am going to extend the Publish and Subscription part to PC also, by this we can publish and subscribe for the same topic using multiple clients on different platforms.
The language of choice in this case is Python, and we have already played with Python and MQTT earlier, plus we also know how to create beautiful User Interfaces using PyQt5 in Python.

Prerequisite to Understand this Post 
Before starting this post, you must understand, how to get started with MQTT using Python, and you can learn this from the following link.
Getting Started with MQTT Using Python
Next, you need to learn how to design user interfaces in Python Using PyQt5 and you can learn this from the following link.
Design GUI in Python Using PyQt5
Finally the most important part, in this post we will be publishing the temperature and humidity data using NodeMCU and DHT11 sensor and subscribing the relay states packets, so to get the NodeMCU software, use the following link.
Control Devices Using Android Phone and NodeMCU using CloudMQTT Server

The following is the User Interface which is developed in Python using PyQt5.
Have a look at the following video, to view the Python User Interface, Publishing and Subscribing Topics.


Python Software
The complete python software is given below.
The base code for this used from the following post, with few changes, as most of the things are same, so please have a look at this post again to understand the Python code.

Note:
This project is an extended version of our last post on Python and MQTT, and complete explanation of Python software modules is given there.
To Understand the Python Code use the following Link:

import os
import codecs
import pickle
import paho.mqtt.client as mqtt
from PyQt5 import QtCore, QtGui, QtWidgets

global server_info
global led_state
global load1_state
global load2_state
global load3_state
global load4_state

led_state = False
load1_state = False
load2_state = False
load3_state = False
load4_state = False

filename = 'settings.txt'


def save_file():
    with open(filename, "wb") as myFile:
        pickle.dump(server_info, myFile)


if os.path.exists(filename):
    # Read Dictionary from this file
    with open(filename, "rb") as myFile:
        server_info = pickle.load(myFile)
else:
    # Create Dictionary Using Default parameters
    server_info = { "Server_Address":"m14.cloudmqtt.com", \
                    "Server_Port":"18410", \
                    "Username": "setsmjwc", \
                    "Password":"apDnKqHRgAjA"}
    save_file()


# Callback Function on Connection with MQTT Server
def on_connect( client, userdata, flags, rc):
    print ("Connected with Code :" +str(rc))
    if rc == 0:
        # Subscribe Topic from here
        client.subscribe("home/#")
        # Enable Disconnect Button and Enable Others
        ui.connect_btn.setDisabled(True)
        # ui.server_add.setEnabled(False) Don't use this
        ui.server_add.setDisabled(True)
        ui.server_port.setDisabled(True)
        ui.username.setDisabled(True)
        ui.password.setDisabled(True)
        ui.disconnect_btn.setEnabled(True)
        ui.led_btn.setEnabled(True)
        ui.load1_btn.setEnabled(True)
        ui.load2_btn.setEnabled(True)
        ui.load3_btn.setEnabled(True)
        ui.load4_btn.setEnabled(True)
        ui.statusBar.setStatusTip("Connected")


# Callback Function on Receiving the Subscribed Topic/Message
def on_message( client, userdata, msg):
    # print the message received from the subscribed topic
    #print ( str(msg.payload) )
    #print ( str(len(msg.payload) ))
    if len(msg.payload) == 5:
        message = msg.payload
        message = message.decode()      # default decoding utf-8
        temp, humidity = message.split(',')
        ui.temp.setText(temp)
        ui.humidity.setText(humidity)
    

def save_server_add():
    global server_info
    server_info["Server_Address"] = ui.server_add.text()
    save_file()


def save_server_port():
    server_info["Server_Port"] = ui.server_port.text()
    save_file()


def save_username():
    server_info["Username"] = ui.username.text()
    save_file()


def save_password():
    server_info["Password"] = ui.password.text()
    save_file()


client = mqtt.Client()
client.on_connect = on_connect
client.on_message = on_message


def connect_with_server():
    global server_info
    client.username_pw_set(server_info["Username"], server_info["Password"])
    client.connect(server_info["Server_Address"], int(server_info["Server_Port"]), 60)
    client.loop_start()


def disconnect_with_server():
    client.loop_stop()
    client.disconnect()
    # Enable Connect Button and Disable Others
    ui.connect_btn.setEnabled(True)
    ui.server_add.setEnabled(True)
    ui.server_port.setEnabled(True)
    ui.username.setEnabled(True)
    ui.password.setEnabled(True)
    ui.disconnect_btn.setDisabled(True)
    ui.led_btn.setDisabled(True)
    ui.load1_btn.setDisabled(True)
    ui.load2_btn.setDisabled(True)
    ui.load3_btn.setDisabled(True)
    ui.load4_btn.setDisabled(True)
    ui.statusBar.setStatusTip("Not Connected")


def led_state_toggle():
    global led_state
    if led_state ==  True:
        client.publish("led", '0' )
        led_state = False
        ui.led_btn.setText("Led Off")
    else:
        client.publish("led", '1' )
        led_state = True
        ui.led_btn.setText("Led On")


def load1_state_toggle():
    global load1_state
    if load1_state == True:
        client.publish("load1", '0')
        load1_state = False
        ui.load1_btn.setText("Load1 Off")
    else:
        client.publish("load1", '1')
        load1_state = True
        ui.load1_btn.setText("Load1 On")


def load2_state_toggle():
    global load2_state
    if load2_state == True:
        client.publish("load2", '0')
        load2_state = False
        ui.load2_btn.setText("Load2 Off")
    else:
        client.publish("load2", '1')
        load2_state = True
        ui.load2_btn.setText("Load2 On")


def load3_state_toggle():
    global load3_state
    if load3_state == True:
        client.publish("load3", '0')
        load3_state = False
        ui.load3_btn.setText("Load3 Off")
    else:
        client.publish("load3", '1')
        load3_state = True
        ui.load3_btn.setText("Load3 On")


def load4_state_toggle():
    global load4_state
    if load4_state == True:
        client.publish("load4", '0')
        load4_state = False
        ui.load4_btn.setText("Load4 Off")
    else:
        client.publish("load4", '1')
        load4_state = True
        ui.load4_btn.setText("Load4 On")

class Ui_MainWindow(object):
    def setupUi(self, MainWindow):
        MainWindow.setObjectName("MainWindow")
        MainWindow.resize(306, 231)
        self.centralwidget = QtWidgets.QWidget(MainWindow)
        self.centralwidget.setObjectName("centralwidget")
        self.connect_btn = QtWidgets.QPushButton(self.centralwidget)
        self.connect_btn.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(220, 10, 75, 31))
        self.connect_btn.setObjectName("connect_btn")
        self.disconnect_btn = QtWidgets.QPushButton(self.centralwidget)
        self.disconnect_btn.setEnabled(False)
        self.disconnect_btn.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(220, 70, 75, 31))
        self.disconnect_btn.setObjectName("disconnect_btn")
        self.temp_lbl = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.centralwidget)
        self.temp_lbl.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(10, 120, 69, 18))
        self.temp_lbl.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.temp_lbl.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignCenter)
        self.temp_lbl.setObjectName("temp_lbl")
        self.humid_lbl = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.centralwidget)
        self.humid_lbl.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(110, 120, 69, 18))
        self.humid_lbl.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.humid_lbl.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignCenter)
        self.humid_lbl.setObjectName("humid_lbl")
        self.temp = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.centralwidget)
        self.temp.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(10, 140, 31, 18))
        font = QtGui.QFont()
        font.setPointSize(10)
        font.setBold(True)
        font.setWeight(75)
        self.temp.setFont(font)
        self.temp.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.temp.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignRight|QtCore.Qt.AlignTrailing|QtCore.Qt.AlignVCenter)
        self.temp.setObjectName("temp")
        self.c_lbl = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.centralwidget)
        self.c_lbl.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(50, 140, 21, 18))
        font = QtGui.QFont()
        font.setPointSize(10)
        font.setBold(True)
        font.setWeight(75)
        self.c_lbl.setFont(font)
        self.c_lbl.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.c_lbl.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignCenter)
        self.c_lbl.setObjectName("c_lbl")
        self.humidity = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.centralwidget)
        self.humidity.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(110, 140, 31, 18))
        font = QtGui.QFont()
        font.setPointSize(10)
        font.setBold(True)
        font.setWeight(75)
        self.humidity.setFont(font)
        self.humidity.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.humidity.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignRight|QtCore.Qt.AlignTrailing|QtCore.Qt.AlignVCenter)
        self.humidity.setObjectName("humidity")
        self.percent_lbl = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.centralwidget)
        self.percent_lbl.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(150, 140, 21, 18))
        font = QtGui.QFont()
        font.setPointSize(10)
        font.setBold(True)
        font.setWeight(75)
        self.percent_lbl.setFont(font)
        self.percent_lbl.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.percent_lbl.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignCenter)
        self.percent_lbl.setObjectName("percent_lbl")
        self.led_btn = QtWidgets.QPushButton(self.centralwidget)
        self.led_btn.setEnabled(False)
        self.led_btn.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(220, 110, 71, 51))
        self.led_btn.setObjectName("led_btn")
        self.layoutWidget = QtWidgets.QWidget(self.centralwidget)
        self.layoutWidget.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(10, 10, 71, 91))
        self.layoutWidget.setObjectName("layoutWidget")
        self.verticalLayout = QtWidgets.QVBoxLayout(self.layoutWidget)
        self.verticalLayout.setContentsMargins(0, 0, 0, 0)
        self.verticalLayout.setObjectName("verticalLayout")
        self.server_add_lbl = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.layoutWidget)
        self.server_add_lbl.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.server_add_lbl.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignRight|QtCore.Qt.AlignTrailing|QtCore.Qt.AlignVCenter)
        self.server_add_lbl.setObjectName("server_add_lbl")
        self.verticalLayout.addWidget(self.server_add_lbl)
        self.server_port_lbl = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.layoutWidget)
        self.server_port_lbl.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.server_port_lbl.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignRight|QtCore.Qt.AlignTrailing|QtCore.Qt.AlignVCenter)
        self.server_port_lbl.setObjectName("server_port_lbl")
        self.verticalLayout.addWidget(self.server_port_lbl)
        self.username_lbl = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.layoutWidget)
        self.username_lbl.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.username_lbl.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignRight|QtCore.Qt.AlignTrailing|QtCore.Qt.AlignVCenter)
        self.username_lbl.setObjectName("username_lbl")
        self.verticalLayout.addWidget(self.username_lbl)
        self.password_lbl = QtWidgets.QLabel(self.layoutWidget)
        self.password_lbl.setLayoutDirection(QtCore.Qt.LeftToRight)
        self.password_lbl.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignRight|QtCore.Qt.AlignTrailing|QtCore.Qt.AlignVCenter)
        self.password_lbl.setObjectName("password_lbl")
        self.verticalLayout.addWidget(self.password_lbl)
        self.layoutWidget1 = QtWidgets.QWidget(self.centralwidget)
        self.layoutWidget1.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(90, 10, 111, 100))
        self.layoutWidget1.setObjectName("layoutWidget1")
        self.verticalLayout_2 = QtWidgets.QVBoxLayout(self.layoutWidget1)
        self.verticalLayout_2.setContentsMargins(0, 0, 0, 0)
        self.verticalLayout_2.setObjectName("verticalLayout_2")
        self.server_add = QtWidgets.QLineEdit(self.layoutWidget1)
        self.server_add.setMaxLength(30)
        self.server_add.setObjectName("server_add")
        self.verticalLayout_2.addWidget(self.server_add)
        self.server_port = QtWidgets.QLineEdit(self.layoutWidget1)
        self.server_port.setMaxLength(30)
        self.server_port.setObjectName("server_port")
        self.verticalLayout_2.addWidget(self.server_port)
        self.username = QtWidgets.QLineEdit(self.layoutWidget1)
        self.username.setMaxLength(30)
        self.username.setObjectName("username")
        self.verticalLayout_2.addWidget(self.username)
        self.password = QtWidgets.QLineEdit(self.layoutWidget1)
        self.password.setMaxLength(30)
        self.password.setEchoMode(QtWidgets.QLineEdit.Password)
        self.password.setObjectName("password")
        self.verticalLayout_2.addWidget(self.password)
        self.layoutWidget2 = QtWidgets.QWidget(self.centralwidget)
        self.layoutWidget2.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(10, 170, 281, 31))
        self.layoutWidget2.setObjectName("layoutWidget2")
        self.horizontalLayout = QtWidgets.QHBoxLayout(self.layoutWidget2)
        self.horizontalLayout.setContentsMargins(0, 0, 0, 0)
        self.horizontalLayout.setObjectName("horizontalLayout")
        self.load1_btn = QtWidgets.QPushButton(self.layoutWidget2)
        self.load1_btn.setEnabled(False)
        self.load1_btn.setObjectName("load1_btn")
        self.horizontalLayout.addWidget(self.load1_btn)
        self.load2_btn = QtWidgets.QPushButton(self.layoutWidget2)
        self.load2_btn.setEnabled(False)
        self.load2_btn.setObjectName("load2_btn")
        self.horizontalLayout.addWidget(self.load2_btn)
        self.load3_btn = QtWidgets.QPushButton(self.layoutWidget2)
        self.load3_btn.setEnabled(False)
        self.load3_btn.setObjectName("load3_btn")
        self.horizontalLayout.addWidget(self.load3_btn)
        self.load4_btn = QtWidgets.QPushButton(self.layoutWidget2)
        self.load4_btn.setEnabled(False)
        self.load4_btn.setObjectName("load4_btn")
        self.horizontalLayout.addWidget(self.load4_btn)
        MainWindow.setCentralWidget(self.centralwidget)
        self.statusBar = QtWidgets.QStatusBar(MainWindow)
        self.statusBar.setObjectName("statusBar")
        MainWindow.setStatusBar(self.statusBar)

        self.retranslateUi(MainWindow)
        QtCore.QMetaObject.connectSlotsByName(MainWindow)

    def retranslateUi(self, MainWindow):
        _translate = QtCore.QCoreApplication.translate
        MainWindow.setWindowTitle(_translate("MainWindow", "Weather Monitor"))
        self.connect_btn.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Connect"))
        self.disconnect_btn.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Disconnect"))
        self.temp_lbl.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Temperature"))
        self.humid_lbl.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Humidity"))
        self.temp.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "0"))
        self.c_lbl.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "C"))
        self.humidity.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "0"))
        self.percent_lbl.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "%"))
        self.led_btn.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Led Off"))
        self.server_add_lbl.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Server Add :"))
        self.server_port_lbl.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Server Port :"))
        self.username_lbl.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Username :"))
        self.password_lbl.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Password :"))
        self.load1_btn.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Load1 Off"))
        self.load2_btn.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Load2 Off"))
        self.load3_btn.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Load3 Off"))
        self.load4_btn.setText(_translate("MainWindow", "Load4 Off"))
        # Main Program Starts from Here
        self.statusBar.setStatusTip("Not Connected")
        # Update Server Information
        global server_info
        self.server_add.setText(server_info["Server_Address"])
        self.server_port.setText(server_info["Server_Port"])
        self.username.setText(server_info["Username"])
        self.password.setText(server_info["Password"])
        # Button Press Events
        self.connect_btn.clicked.connect( connect_with_server )
        self.disconnect_btn.clicked.connect( disconnect_with_server )
        self.led_btn.clicked.connect( led_state_toggle )
        self.load1_btn.clicked.connect(load1_state_toggle)
        self.load2_btn.clicked.connect(load2_state_toggle)
        self.load3_btn.clicked.connect(load3_state_toggle)
        self.load4_btn.clicked.connect(load4_state_toggle)
        self.server_add.editingFinished.connect( save_server_add )
        self.server_port.editingFinished.connect( save_server_port )
        self.username.editingFinished.connect( save_username )
        self.password.editingFinished.connect( save_password )


if __name__ == "__main__":
    import sys
    app = QtWidgets.QApplication(sys.argv)
    app.setStyle('Fusion')
    MainWindow = QtWidgets.QMainWindow()
    ui = Ui_MainWindow()
    ui.setupUi(MainWindow)
    MainWindow.show()
    sys.exit(app.exec_())

Click Here to download the complete code along with PyQt5 UI file.

Most of the code is generated automatically using pyuic5.exe by providing Qt Designer file as input, you can learn this complete steps by reading the post "Design User Interface in Python Using PyQt5"

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